Infertility appears to be a dark, gloomy cloud in the lives of wannabe parents, who cherish a new life. However, the advent of Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) has provided a ray of hope in the darkness.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) refers to procedures that involve the extraction of eggs from the ovaries and includes. It includes in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), which is used when the cause of infertility is male-dominated. ART involves hormonal stimulation to make the ovaries produce 10-15 eggs rather than one which matures typically monthly. When ready, the eggs are removed through an ultra-sound guided procedure.
IVF involves mixing of the collected eggs with sperm from the male partner or a donor, while in the case of ICSI each egg is injected with one single sperm. After two to five days, an embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus by inserting a thin tube through the cervix.
In IVF the collected eggs are then mixed with sperm from the male partner or a donor, and in the case of ICSI, every egg is injected with a single sperm. Two to five days later an embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus using a thin tube that is inserted through the cervix. There may be more embryos than needed; then these can be frozen for future use.
The most popular type of ART is in-vitro fertilization (IVF). And this article will provide you with enough information about IVF to help you seek the best fertility treatment in Chennai. So, if you are bombarded with a list of names whenever you google, ‘Infertility clinic/center near me’ and don’t know which one to choose, it is suggested you know a bit more about the treatment you are seeking and then make an informed choice.
As mentioned above, IVF and ICSI are forms of assisted reproductive treatment (ART) wherein eggs are fertilized with sperm, outside the body of the female. IVF is used for female infertility treatment, and ICSI is used when the male causes infertility.
Let’s Dive Deep Into The Detailed Procedure:
- The female’s ovaries are stimulated by injecting fertility drugs. When mature, the eggs are collected while the woman is under a mild anesthetic.
- In IVF, a male partner or donor donates sperm which is then added to the eggs so that fertilization occurs.
- In ICSI, however, the scientist chooses a single sperm and injects it into each egg using a microscopic needle.
- The mixture is then kept in the laboratory for two to five days (depending on the clinic) for embryos to develop.
- In case, fertilization occurs, and embryos develop, one embryo is placed in female’s uterus, and the procedure is called embryo transfer. Sometimes, more than one embryo develops and can be frozen for use in later transfer procedures.
- After two weeks of embryo transfer, blood tests of the female are conducted to check whether the treatment was successful. If the results are positive, an ultrasound examination is scheduled for two weeks later to ensure the healthy development of pregnancy.
- In case the test is negative the woman will have a menstrual period and will then need to decide whether to give it another try. If she had agreed to freeze the extra embryos during the first stimulation, those could be used for the second time.
While comparing success rates of fertility treatment in Chennai at different fertility clinics, you must make sure that you are comparing two similar things or apples with apples. Often neglected, your personal history must be taken into account when you predict your chances of having a baby with IVF.
IVF treatment involves numerous steps, as shown in the diagram above. While IVF has helped many couples to have children, there is always a risk that things might go wrong in any of these steps. For instance, a woman might not respond to the administered fertility drugs; eggs may not be retrieved, and embryos may not develop or get implanted. Even if the embryos do get embedded, and a pregnancy is established, there’s always a risk of miscarriage. So, the next time you google, Infertilty clinic center near me keep these things in mind.