English, being essential for various reasons, it is essential to read, write and learn English correctly. Down below are listed some finer details which when not accounted, gives rise to silly mistakes.
- It’s or Its—–As, simple it sounds, it requires clear knowledge while using it.
“It’s” is a contraction for “it is” or “it has”. Like, while defining the beauty of anything, we say, “it is a beautiful chair.” So, it can be written as “it’s a beautiful chair.” So, whenever you are not sure where to use its or it’s, just try to read the sentence if it sounds correct using “it is” or “it has”. If neither of those phrases fits in a sentence, then you should use “its”.
- Gone or Went—-Both the words meant the same, so often people are not aware of using it correctly, or they don’t concentrate. It’s simple to remember, never forget the word “gone” always placed after an auxiliary verb. Auxiliary verbs are has, have, had, is, am, are, was, were, be.
“Went” can’t have an auxiliary verb before it.
For example—“she had went to the shower before getting ready for the party.” Now, in this sentence before the word “went” had is used which is an auxiliary verb. So, in this sentence we need to use the word “gone” instead of the word “went”.
- Watch, Look, and See—when vision from one eye, all the three words gives same meaning. However, they need to be used in different situations.
The word “Look” is used when you desire to look at something directly.
The word “See” is used when something comes in the way of our sight and we didn’t plan to look at it.
The word “watch” is used when you intend to look at something carefully, especially moving figures or objects.
For example—“stop watching at my diary” is incorrect. The correct same phrase is “stop looking at my diary.”
“I look at the movie” need to be corrected like “I watch the movie”
“I look my friends playing cricket everyday” is incorrect. The correct same phrase is “I see my friends playing cricket every day.”
- Loan or Borrow—It’s another confusing two words for many. For, a moment it sounds the same meaning, but in real “loan” means “to give”, and “borrow” means “to take.”
For example—“can you borrow me that dress? You can loan my notes?” In, this sentence, you use “borrow me that dress” means “take me that dress”, but you want to have the dress and not to take the dress anywhere, so, you need to say, “Can you loan me the dress?”
“You can loan my notes”, the phrase need to be correct as, “You can borrow my notes.” The complete sentence means, “Can you give me the dress and you can take my notes.”
- Since or For—The word “For” is used when you don’t have to calculate the time and the duration is already mentioned in the phrase. The word “Since” is used when one need to calculate the time.
For example—“I left the home for an hour”, here, it is known that the duration is one hour.
“I left home since 2000”, here, the duration is need to be calculated from the year 2000 to the present year 2018.
- Literally or Figuratively—-The word “literally” is used when something is real or actual. Similarly, the word “figuratively” is used when something is unreal. It is used to enlarge the meaning of something.
For example—“Figuratively speaking, I am completely wet of seating because it’s so hot”, here, it shows how excessive hotness is there.
“It’s literally such high degrees outside”, here, it shows that really the temperature is too high. Learn more about English Learning and Speaking with English Speaking Coaching Classes in Nagpur.
- Effect or Affect—“Effect” is a noun produced by any cause. It is a result of or by something. “Affect” is a verb shows to act on; to produce a chance.
For example—“The effect of the hardship is visible as your promotion,” here, the sentence states that promotion is caused due to hardship.
“The cold weather affected my son’s health yesterday night”, here, the sentence states that the cold weather became the reason for change in son’s health.
- Then or Than—“Then” is an adverb used to show the approx of time. “Than” is used after comparative adjectives.
For examples—“I will complete my work, and then go out.” “When you will arrive in night, he shall see you then.”
“He is smarter than John.” “Will you please select a dress which is cheaper than that?”